RIVERS & LAKES OF THE WORLD
Rivers, creeks, lakes, ponds and streams are all freshwater habitats. So are wetlands like swamps, which have woody plants and trees; and marshes, which have no trees but lots of grasses and reeds.
Freshwater accounts for only three percent of the world’s water (the rest is saltwater.) But despite that tiny amount, freshwater habitats are homes for more than 100,000 species of plants and animals.
A SAMPLE OF SPECIES
Piranhas (Pygocentrus nattereri) are typically found in white water rivers, such as the Amazon River Basin, and in some streams and lakes. Sometimes, they may inhabit flooded forests such as those found in the Brazilian Amazon. They live in shoals but do not group hunt, although they may occasionally enter into feeding frenzies. In the case of a feeding frenzy, schools of piranha will converge on one large prey individual, and eat it within minutes. These attacks are usually extremely rare and are due to provocation or starvation.
Did you know a Piranha’s bite is so strong it can bite through a £1 coin!
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